Septic systems require a periodic septic inspection to make sure everything is working as it should be, to ensure proper disposal of unwanted wastewater and solids from your kitchen, bathroom and laundry room.
Septic systems are actually pretty simple. Solids are partially broken down into sludge within a septic tank and are separated from effluent (water) and scum (fat, oil and grease). Effluent regularly leaves the tank into an absorption system where it is naturally filtered by bacteria, and soils, and then reenters the groundwater. Sludge and scum must be pumped from the septic tank on a regular basis and should never be allowed to enter the absorption system.
When should you get a septic inspection?
Septic system inspections should be performed on an annual basis to ensure everything is working properly. And if you are considering buying a home with a septic system, you should definitely have the system inspected before signing an offer.
Percolation Tests Before you buy a piece of property that is not connected to a municipal sewer system, you should get a percolation test, or perc test, to make sure a septic system can be installed.
When we perform a Septic System Inspection, we:
- Locate and access the septic tank.
- Determine if the tank is concrete, metal or fiberglass.
- Ensure that the system is large enough for the home it serves.
- Check to make sure the water level in the tank is where it should be.
- Check the baffle for problems.
- Check the water flow from the house to the tank.
- If the septic system has a pump chamber, then we will check the pump, floats and alarms to make sure they are in working order.
- Probe the outside of the septic tank to check for cracks or holes in the tank.
- Check for liquid waste that has made its way to the surface, indicating a leak or overflow.
- Locate and probe the absorption systems, if possible.
- We always recommend having your septic system pumped during an inspection.
Septic inspections can uncover a variety of problems, including:
- Leaking Septic Tanks
- Slow drainage
- Heavy solids in tanks
- Faulty Pumps, Floats or Alarms
- Broken Baffles
- Full or nearly full absorption systems and drywells
- Unleveled distribution boxes
- Clogged or broken lines
If we uncover problems with your septic system during our inspection, many times, we can perform minor repairs then and there. For more major repairs or new septic system installation, we’ll schedule a time to come back and perform the work.
Call us at 410-838-1200 to schedule a septic inspection.